Strong communication in corporate, political, health-related, tech innovation, and social advocacy contexts is crucial for the success and continued advancement of our society. Individuals who receive advanced training in communication are prepared for such important responsibilities as writing articles that educate the public about important issues, facilitating productive relationships between a company and its stakeholders, and advancing social and political causes. Master’s in communication programs enable students to gain skills in professional communication that can help them advance their career in marketing, public relations, political campaigning and advocacy, health communication, non-profit communication, and other fields of communication.

Online master’s in communication programs allow individuals who have professional and/or personal obligations that prevent them from traveling to campus or relocating for a degree program to complete their graduate degree in communication. While online programs may not be ideal for all students, additional advantages of online programs include:

  • Greater access to graduate programs, especially for students who do not live near a campus-based program
  • Access to specializations that may not be offered by a local college or university
  • Increased exposure to online communication technologies and a greater comfort in navigating these technologies, which may be advantageous for certain fields post-graduation
  • Flexibility for students who may be forced to relocate during their program, such as students in the military or spouses of service members
  • Ability to complete coursework and projects at any time of day without the need to attend classes at specific times (for programs that use asynchronous instruction)
  • Ability to view and review course materials, including recorded lectures, multiple times if needed to understand key course concepts

Students considering an online program need to be aware that online master’s programs often require more self-discipline and self-motivation compared to campus-based programs. This is due to the fact that students are responsible for keeping up with lectures and assignments without the structure of weekly campus-based lectures. Students need to be particularly self-guided and disciplined for online programs that use asynchronous instruction (see below) where students are not required to attend live lectures online.

Accessibility of Online Programs versus Campus Programs

The following map contains the location of all campus-based master’s in communication programs in the United States with a 20 mile radius around each campus (represented by the blue circles). For students who do not live within commuting distance to a campus, do not want to relocate to attend a graduate program, or who cannot commute to campus several times per week for lectures, online programs may be the only option for pursuing a master’s in communication.
Map of the United States with circles on the location of campus-based master's in communication programs

Structure of Online Master’s Programs in Communication

There are a wide variety of online master’s in communication programs and understanding the different options is important for students as they research and compare programs. There are programs that are 100% online and do not require any campus visits, and programs that require a limited number of on-campus residencies. Both options have pros and cons depending on the student. For students who have personal or work obligations, it may not be possible to travel to campus for these sessions. However, for students who want to meet instructors and classmates in person for face-to-face instruction and networking, but who still want the flexibility of online instruction, these programs may be ideal. (Note: MastersinCommunications.com classifies a program as online if it requires students to attend two or fewer on-campus sessions per year. Programs that require more than two visits per year are classified as hybrid programs.)

In terms of instruction methods, there are programs whose course content is accessible 24/7 to enable students to fully determine their own schedule. There are also programs that incorporate live video discussions and other interactive learning technologies to maximize student-faculty and peer-to-peer interactions. For more information about instruction methods see below. Independent of the type of instruction method, students typically interact with instructors and classmates through online discussion forums; email, telephone and chat; and video conferencing if needed.

On top of these options, students of online master’s in communication programs have access to additional specialization options that may not be offered at a local university. MastersinCommunications.com currently classifies programs into 10 different concentrations according to their curricula. These specializations include organizational communication, strategic communication, health communication, public relations (PR) and marketing communication, political communication, and more. Students should note that while some schools offer the same concentrations in their online programs as they do in their campus-based programs, others may offer more or fewer concentrations in their online program. For example, a school may offer a campus program with multiple specializations while their online program focuses on just one like strategic communication.

When deciding which programs to consider, prospective students should take into account their current professional and personal obligations, geographical location, and their interests and professional objectives within the field of communication. Furthermore, prospective students should consider their learning preferences (e.g. more versus less structured) as well as how long they would like to take to complete their program (e.g. full-time versus part-time enrollment).

Online Master’s in Communication Specializations/Concentrations

While the majority of master’s in communications programs offer specializations, not all programs have distinct specialization tracks. Instead, some programs are designed to just emphasize one area in the field of communication or offer a general program that allows students to tailor their program based on the electives they choose to take. In addition, schools use different terminology to describe their programs and specializations. For example, strategic communication programs can be found with numerous different names including:

  • Master’s in Strategic Communication
  • Master of Arts (MA) in Strategic Communication
  • Master of Science (MS) in Strategic Communication
  • Master of Strategic Communication
  • Master’s in Communication with a Specialization/Concentration in Strategic Communication
  • Master’s in Communication with an Area of Study/Focus in Strategic Communication
  • Master’s in Communication with an Emphasis/Path/Track in Strategic Communication

When researching and deciding between programs, students should consider whether or not they would prefer a program that offers a distinct track in a given specialization, with a set curriculum that covers the essential concepts within that specialization, or a more general program that offers a broader selection of courses across different disciplines in communication. Concentration options for students wishing to pursue their master’s in communication online include but are not limited to:

  • Online Master’s in Communication Studies
  • Online Master’s in Global Communication
  • Online Master’s in Health Communication
  • Online Master’s in Mass Communication, Media, and Digital Communication
  • Online Master’s in Organizational Communication
  • Online Master’s in Political Communication
  • Online Master’s in Public Relations, Marketing, and Integrated Marketing Communication
  • Online Master’s in Strategic Communication
  • Online Master’s in Technical Communication

When determining which specialization to pursue in their online master’s in communication program, students should research the types of careers in communication that interest them and the knowledge and skills that these careers require. That way they can identify programs that will provide them with the targeted coursework, research opportunities, and or internship experiences they need to succeed in that field.

Graduation Requirements for Online Master’s in Communication Programs

In addition to completing the 30 to 36 course credits that are typically required by most programs, students of online master’s in communication programs may also have to fulfill additional requirements to graduate. These requirements may include but are not limited to:

  • A research capstone project (such as a professional project, published paper, or thesis)
  • A professional portfolio of work
  • A comprehensive examination at the end of their program
  • On-campus residencies, also known as on-campus intensives
  • An internship or practicum

Programs tend to vary in their research project, final examination, internship/practicum, and campus visit requirements. Most online master’s in communication programs are applied in nature, and therefore tend to have graduation requirements that help prepare students for more advanced work in industry. As a result, portfolio requirements, professional project requirements, and comprehensive examinations tend to be more common than thesis requirements for online master’s in communication programs, as theses tend to be more theoretical and prepare students for work in research or academia, or for doctoral studies. That said, there are some online programs that offer students the option of completing a thesis if it better aligns with their career and academic goals. There are also online programs that have no capstone requirements, but require students to take additional courses to meet the credit requirements for graduation.

On-Campus Intensives and Residencies in Online Programs

To strengthen student-faculty relationships and give students the opportunity to network with fellow students and potential employers, some online master’s in communication programs require students to attend one or more on-campus intensives (also known as campus residencies or immersion sessions) during their enrollment. For programs that require on-campus intensives, the format and timing of these sessions varies by program. For example, some programs ask that students attend a week-long orientation on-campus before the start of the program or require students to visit the campus every summer. Other programs maybe only require students to visit campus to defend their thesis or to complete their comprehensive examination. Finally, some programs may have their residencies at off-campus locations depending on the theme of the immersion session.

  • At this time, 5 out of 121 online programs require campus visits.

In general, students are expected to cover the costs of travel and lodging for on-campus intensives, as these costs are not typically included in university tuition or fees. Therefore, students should factor these costs into their overall budget when deciding between online programs. As noted above, MastersinCommunications.com, classifies an online master’s in communication program as one that requires two or fewer campus visits per year. Programs that require more than two campus visits per year are classified as hybrid programs.

Full-Time versus Part-Time Online Master’s in Communication Programs

Many online master’s in communication programs offer students both full-time and part-time courses of study (although some may only offer one enrollment option), so that students who wish to continue working during the completion of their degree have the option to do so. The definition of full-time and part-time enrollment has been less clear as schools have introduced alternative academic calendars with four-, five-, and eight-week terms. These shorter terms are designed to allow students to concentrate on fewer courses over a shorter period of time. For example, a student may take three five-week courses instead of three courses over a traditional 15-week semester. In both situations, a student may be considered as enrolled full-time.

Typically full-time enrollment is the equivalent of 9 graduate credit hours earned over a traditional 15-week semester. Students enrolled full-time can typically complete a program in 12-24 months depending on how many classes they take per term and if they enroll during the summer. Students attending part-time typically take 24-36 months to graduate, although some programs give students up to 5 to 8 years to finish the program. When deciding whether to pursue a degree full-time or part-time, students should weigh the benefits of completing their program sooner, versus being able to work more during their degree program. In addition, for students who plan to seek financial aid for their studies, eligibility may require students to enroll in a minimum number of credits per term. Therefore, students should contact programs to ask what is the minimum number of credits they must take to be eligible for financial aid.

Instruction Methods in Online Master’s in Communication Programs: Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Instruction

Online master’s in communication programs employ two main types of online instruction methods: synchronous and asynchronous instruction. Below is a description of each method of instruction, including their potential pros and cons. Some programs use almost exclusively asynchronous instruction, while other programs combine synchronous and asynchronous instruction to give students a balance between flexibility and real-time interactions with course faculty and classmates.

Synchronous instruction

Synchronous instruction is defined as any course content that requires students to log on at specified dates and times to participate in real-time lectures and discussions. Synchronous instruction typically entails students using a web camera to discuss course concepts with peers and instructors, or participating in online chat discussions for participation credit.

Synchronous instruction enables students to engage more directly with their instructors and classmates, thereby providing structure to their learning experience. For many students, this can enhance their learning outcomes and level of interest in their courses. Synchronous instruction also allows students to receive instant responses to questions they might have, approximating the feel of a traditional campus-based lecture setting. However, this mode of instruction is slightly less flexible than asynchronous instruction, as students must be online at scheduled times. Regardless of whether they employ synchronous instruction or not, all online master’s in communication programs have an asynchronous component, in the form of assignments and other reading materials that students schedule and complete on their own time.

Asynchronous Instruction

Asynchronous instruction is defined as the 24/7 access to course materials such as pre-recorded lectures and modules, written course materials, and self-paced examinations and assignments that are completed whenever the student has time. Programs that employ 100% asynchronous instruction do not require students to attend lectures in real time, allowing them more flexibility than is afforded to students of programs that employ synchronous instruction. However, with the flexibility of asynchronous instruction inherently comes fewer opportunities for students to directly engage with program faculty and classmates. Students should also note that, while these programs allow them to view course materials at their convenience, they still have set dates for exams and assignment submissions. They also typically require weekly participation in online discussion forums.

Some programs that use mostly or exclusively asynchronous instruction facilitate student-faculty and peer-to-peer interaction through online discussion forums or optional virtual office hours that students can attend to ask their instructors questions. Course faculty members for these programs are also generally available via email or phone for students’ questions. Please note that all online master’s in communication programs require students to exercise discipline to stay on top of their assignments and their course material. In particular, students of programs that employ mainly asynchronous instruction must remain diligent and organized, and create structure in their learning schedule so as not to fall behind in their lecture sequences.

State Authorizations and State Restrictions

An important consideration for individuals who wish to enroll in an online master’s in communication program is whether the program(s) they are considering is authorized to accept students from their state of residence. Independent of accreditation, universities that offer online programs must apply for and receive state authorization in order to operate in and enroll students from states where they do not have a physical campus. States vary in the requirements they ask schools to fulfill in order to receive this authorization, and some states even require school’s to apply for approval from multiple state agencies before it can start advertising to and enrolling their residents. Universities that have not received authorization from a particular state (including schools that have applied for authorization but have not yet received approval) are typically not allowed to enroll students from that state until they have been granted authorization.

With that said, the majority of online master’s in communication degree programs accept students from all 50 states. However, there are a limited number of programs that do not accept students from all 50 states. In addition, while MastersinCommunications.com has done its best to provide state authorization information for all master’s in communication programs listed on the site, state authorizations can and do change over time. For the most up-to-date information, students should contact the admissions office or an admissions advisor before applying to an out-of-state online program to confirm they accept students from their state of residence.


Find Online Master’s in Communication Degree Programs

All Online Master's in Communication Degree Programs

To learn more about the programs listed below, click on the program name to visit the school profile page.
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Arizona State University

(Arizona)
Department: College of Integrative Sciences and Arts
Program(s):
Department: Hugh Downs School of Human Communication
Program(s):

Asbury University

(Kentucky)

Boston University

(Massachusetts)
Department: College of Communication and Metropolitan College
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Bowling Green State University

(Ohio)

Brenau University

(Georgia)
Department: College of Business & Communication
Program(s):

California Baptist University

(California)
Department: Department of Communication Arts / Online and Professional Studies
Program(s):

Central Connecticut State University

(Connecticut)

Clark University

(Massachusetts)

College of Charleston

(South Carolina)

Concordia University, Saint Paul

(Minnesota)
Department: College of Business and Technology
Program(s):

Drake University

(Iowa)
Department: School of Journalism and Mass Communication
Program(s):

East Carolina University

(North Carolina)

Eastern Illinois University

(Illinois)

Edinboro University of Pennsylvania

(Pennsylvania)

Fitchburg State University

(Massachusetts)
Department: Graduate and Continuing Education
Program(s):

Florida International University

(Florida)

Fordham University

(New York)
Department: Gabelli School of Business
Program(s):

Franklin University

(Ohio)
Department: Ross College of Business
Program(s):

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis

(Indiana)

Kansas State University

(Kansas)

Kent State University

(Ohio)

Liberty University

(Virginia)

Marist College

(New York)
Department: School of Communication and the Arts
Program(s):

Marquette University

(Wisconsin)
Department: Graduate School of Management, Diederich College of Communication
Program(s):

Maryville University

(Missouri)
Department: College of Arts and Sciences
Program(s):

Michigan State University

(Michigan)
Department: College of Communication Arts and Sciences
Program(s):

Minnesota State University, Mankato

(Minnesota)

Missouri State University

(Missouri)

Missouri University of Science and Technology

(Missouri)
Department: Department of English and Technical Communication
Program(s):

Morehead State University

(Kentucky)
Department: Department of Communication, Media and Languages
Program(s):

Murray State University

(Kentucky)

National University

(California)

New Jersey Institute of Technology

(New Jersey)

Northern Arizona University

(Arizona)

Northwestern University

(Illinois)
Department: Medill School of Journalism, Media, Integrated Marketing Communications
Program(s):

Notre Dame of Maryland University

(Maryland)
Department: Communication Arts Department
Program(s):

Ohio University

(Ohio)
Department: Scripps College of Communication, School of Communication Studies
Program(s):

Park University

(Missouri)
Department: Department of Communication, Journalism, and Public Relations
Program(s):

Penn State World Campus

(Pennsylvania)
Department: Donald P. Bellisario College of Communications
Program(s):

Point Park University

(Pennsylvania)
Department: School of Communication
Program(s):

Queens University of Charlotte

(North Carolina)

Rider University

(New Jersey)

Sacred Heart University

(Connecticut)
Department: School of Communication & Media Arts
Program(s):

South Dakota State University

(South Dakota)

Southern New Hampshire University

(New Hampshire)
Department: College of Online and Continuing Education
Program(s):

Southern Utah University

(Utah)

Spring Arbor University

(Michigan)

St. Bonaventure University

(New York)
Department: Jandoli School of Communication
Program(s):

State University of New York at Oswego

(New York)

Stephen F. Austin State University

(Texas)

Stevenson University

(Maryland)
Department: Stevenson University Online
Program(s):

Syracuse University

(New York)
Department: S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications
Program(s):

Texas State University

(Texas)
Department: Department of English
Program(s):

The University of Iowa

(Iowa)
Department: School of Journalism and Mass Communication
Program(s):

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

(North Carolina)
Department: Hussman School of Journalism and Media
Program(s):

The University of West Alabama

(Alabama)
Department: College of Liberal Arts
Program(s):

Troy University

(Alabama)
Department: Hall School of Journalism and Communication
Program(s):

Union College

(Kentucky)

University of Central Florida

(Florida)

University of Central Missouri

(Missouri)
Department: School of Communication, History, and Interdisciplinary Studies
Program(s):

University of Delaware

(Delaware)

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

(Illinois)

University of Minnesota Twin Cities

(Minnesota)

University of North Texas

(Texas)
Department: Mayborn School of Journalism
Program(s):

University of Wisconsin-Stout

(Wisconsin)
Department: College of Arts, Communication, Humanities and Social Sciences (CACHSS)
Program(s):

Utah State University

(Utah)
Department: Department of English
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Washburn University

(Kansas)
Department: Communication Studies Department
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Western New England University

(Massachusetts)
Department: College of Arts and Sciences
Program(s):